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The Game of… Badminton

Submitted by on January 13, 2011 – 4:53 pmNo Comment

Rules and Violations:

  1. A player may not touch the net with a racquet or his/her body during play.
  2. A shuttle that lands on a line is “in bounds”.
  3. A shuttle may not come to rest or be carried on the racquet.
  4. A shuttle may hit the net on its way across during play and the rally can continue.
  5. A player may not reach over the net to hit the shuttle.

A fault occurs when:

  • The shuttle is served overhand. The shuttle must be struck at a point not higher than the server’s waist.
  • In serving, the shuttle falls into wrong service court or falls short of the service line or beyond the long service line or outside the side boundary lines.
  • The server or person receiving the service does not serve from within their right or left half court, whichever the case may be.
  • The server or player intentionally distracts, balks or obstructs his opponent.
  • The server in attempting to serve, and misses the shuttle.
  • The shuttle falls outside the boundaries of the court, goes through or under the net or fails to go over the net.
  • A player reaches over the net and hits the shuttle on the opponent’s side of the court. However, a player may hit the shuttle on their side of the court and follow through on the swing over the net.
  • If the shuttle is hit twice in succession by the same player or the shuttle is hit by a player and his teammate successively.


Alleys – the areas, 0.46 m (1 ft. 6 in.) wide, on each side of the court; used when playing doubles.

Backcourt – the back third of the court.

Base position – a position in the centre of the court where a singles player usually want to be standing after each shot.

Baseline – the back boundary line at each end of the court, parallel to the net.

Bird – the shuttlecock or shuttle.

Block – a shot, that is usually right near the net, where a player doesn’t swing their racquet, but uses it as a backboard to return the shuttle.

Carry – also known as a sling or throw; this is an illegal action when a player catches the shuttle on the racquet and then slings it back over rather than striking it properly.

Clear – this is a shot that resembles the lob in tennis. A player hits the shuttle over his/her opponent’s head, usually to a point near the back boundary line.  The attacking clear is an attempt to score. The high clear is a defensive shot.

Drive – a hard, low shot that travels almost horizontally.

Drop shot – a softly-hit shot that drops just over the net.

Flick – a deceptive shot, apparently soft, but transformed into a faster shot by quick wrist and forearm rotation.

Hairpin shot – a shot made from very close to the net on which the shuttle rises just over the net and drops quickly on the other side. This is often used to return a drop shot.

Kill – a smash from near the net.

Midcourt – the middle third of the court.

Rally – an exchange of shots leading to a point or service change.

Serve (Service) – a stroke used to put the shuttle into play at the start of a rally.

Service Court - area into which the serve must be delivered.

Short Service Line - the line that is 1.98 m (6 ft. 6 in.) from the net; a serve must reach this line to be legal.

Side out – a loss of serve where the shuttle goes out or falls to the ground on the opponent’s court.

Smash - Hard-hit overhead shot that forces the shuttle sharply downward; this is an attacking stroke.

Wood Shot – a shot that results when the base of the shuttle is hit by the frame of the racket. Once illegal, this shot was ruled acceptable by the International Badminton Federation in 1963.


Badminton Canada: www.badminton.ca/page.aspx?id=2089

Badminton World Federation: www.internationalbadminton.org

World Badminton Rules: www.worldbadminton.com/rules

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